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Volume 5 Number 2, Summer 2008, Pages 1-170   


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Validation of the C-Test amongst Chinese ESL Learners

    Lei Lei


This paper reports on the validation of the C-Test amongst Chinese ESL learners. The hypothesis formulated is that the C-Test is a measure of general language proficiency. A total of 265 Chinese tertiary ESL learners participated in the study. Results from item discrimination analysis, internal consistency analysis, correlation analysis and confirmatory factor analysis confirmed that the C-Test has satisfactory item discrimination and is a reliable and valid measure of general language proficiency amongst Chinese ESL learners. I propose that two texts of the C-Test battery be chosen with its difficulty appropriate to the testees' proficiency and three beyond their proficiency in order to achieve satisfactory item discrimination. As for its pedagogical implications, we propose that the C-Test be utilized as a placement test and an anchor test in test equating.

Keywords: C-Test, Validation, Chinese ESL learners