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Volume 5 Number 3, Autumn 2008, Pages 1-223   


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Strategic Reading Process in Two On-line and Printed Environments

    Susan Marandi and Shabnam Mokhtarnia


This study is an attempt to investigate whether significant differences exist between metacognitive awareness and perceived use of hypertext and printed text reading strategies of Iranian EFL learners. Twenty two Iranian EFL learners completed two questionnaires regarding metacognitive awareness of printed text and hypertext reading strategy use. The results revealed that there is a significant difference for overall reading strategies in general and problem solving and support strategies in particular. However, no significant difference was found for metacognitive awareness of global reading strategies in both mediums of on-line and print. These findings are, in fact, in line with the opinion of those scholars who believe that the process of reading in print and hypertext environment may differ from each other (Gillingham, 1993; Kamil and Chou, 2005; Konishi, 2003). They also highlight the importance of strategy awareness and training component when classroom teachers engage their learners in on-line reading tasks.

Keywords: metacognitive awareness, reading strategies, hypertext, printed text, EFL learners