AsiaTEFL Logo        The Journal of Asia TEFL
The Journal of Asia TEFL
Articles By Subject
Current Issue
Past Issues
Special Issue
Information of the Journal
Editorial Board
Submission Guidelines
Ethical Guidelines
Manuscript Submission
Journal Order
Today 1,204
Total 3,671,203
Current Issue
Go List

Volume 17 Number 1, Spring 2020, Pages 1-318 PDF Download

Input-based Instruction of English Personal Pronouns to Young Korean Learners

    Haewon Kim, Min-Chang Sung & Hyunwoo Kim

The low input saliency of English personal pronouns causes persistent difficulties in second language acquisition despite their highly frequent nature. The present study aims to examine how different types of input-based instruction improve the learning of English personal pronouns in young learners. Grounded on the main tenets of the formal and functional approaches, we incorporated visual enhancement (VE) and a meaning-oriented task (MT) to input-based learning. A total of 87 young Korean elementary students were administered four types of instructional treatments: input-only, input-plus-VE, input-plus-MT, and input-plus-both. Results of the pre- and the posttest indicated that the most significant improvements were found for the students who received both VE and MT. This finding suggests that the acquisition of English personal pronouns is facilitated when L2 input is provided in conjunction with both formal and functional approaches.

Keywords: input-based instruction, English personal pronouns, visual enhancement, meaning-oriented tasks, young learners