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Volume 3 Number 3, Autumn 2006, Pages 1-175   

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Are Written Instructions in Learner Materials Always Necessary?

    Kristofer Bayne

Pre-organised and pre-packaged materials are omnipresent in second or foreign language classrooms worldwide. An element central to those materials are the rubrics, or written instructions given for tasks. This paper is based on the premise that rubrics are not always essential to the successful completion of certain tasks and raises the issue of the necessity of certain elements of the rubric from the point of view of learners. The overall study is broken into three related studies: the ability of learners to understand rubric lexicon, their ability to successfully predict and complete rubric-less tasks, and their ability to predict and form the likely rubric.